Turkey Tourism: Tripadvisor has 4,990,363 reviews of Turkey Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Turkey resource. They generally have less modern and more Islamic lifestyles. Turkey is an ethnically diverse country with different ethnic languages spoken in the country. People have been living in Anatolia (the Asian part of Turkey - also called Asia Minor) longer than almost anywhere else in the world, except Africa. My father was as poor as a Job's turkey growing up, so his sole focus was to give his kids every opportunity in life that he missed out on. The provinces are in 7 regions. Many people have been killed by earthquakes in Turkey. It became one of the longest existing empires of all time. Less than 50 miles from the coast, peaks rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), with a maximum elevation of 12,917 feet (3,937 metres) in the Kaçkar range. One such is found in the Goreme National Park.This place can be best explored by walking. Turkish manufactures include airplanes, electronics, cars, clothing and textiles for home and for other countries. Steep slopes are common throughout the country, and flat or gently sloping land makes up barely one-sixth of the total area. The system as a whole is referred to as the Pontic Mountains (Doğukaradeniz Dağları). Turkey is home to vivid landscapes. Much of the population in Turkey is made up of teenagers and young adults. In the 1970s, many Turks moved to other countries, like Germany, to escape the bad economy at the time and to get better jobs. 8. The maritime boundary with Greece has been a source of dispute between the two countries on numerous occasions since World War II. Turkey is searching for natural gas in Turkish Northern Cyprus. You probably didn´t know it, but Turkey is a country that exports many goods and materials to other countries, as they have many resources. During the war, 500,000 Armenians in the Ottoman Empire were massacred in the so-called Armenian Genocide. The mountain system falls into two main parts. The Anatolia section covers the 95% while the 5% represents Thrace in the Turkey A country of southwest Asia and southeast Europe … The money of Turkey is called Turkish Lira. The money of Turkey is called Turkish Lira. Present-day Turkey was founded in 1923 as an offspring of the multiethnic and multilingual Ottoman Empire, which existed between the fourteenth and early twentieth centuries and embraced much of the Middle East along with parts of southeastern Europe and North Africa in the sixteenth century. The New York Times estimated that over 570 people died in the Erzincan earthquake of 13 March 1992. Turkey, by land mass, is positioned 95% in Asia and 5% in Europe. Turkey has strict laws against the use, possession or trafficking of illegal drugs. Most of them are ethnic Turks. Find what to do today, this weekend or in January. About 80 million people live in Turkey. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. By January 2005, Vestel and its rival Turkish electronics and white goods brand Beko accounted for more than half of all TV sets manufactured in Europe. The republic was founded in 1923, after World War I and a war of independence (Kurtuluş Savaşı). About 15% are ethnic Kurds. The 1999 İzmit earthquake was an approximately 7.4 magnitude earthquake that struck northwestern Turkey on 17 August 1999, at about 3:02 am local time. Turkey definition is - a large North American gallinaceous bird (Meleagris gallopavo) that is domesticated in most parts of the world. Turkey is a republic. Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye) is a country in both Europe and Asia. The PKK is a nationalist and separatist movement led by Abdullah Öcalan. Each province is divided into districts. [1] Archived 2011-11-25 at the Wayback Machine In 2011, there were 166 universities in Turkey.[9]. There are 81 provinces in Turkey. It belongs to the Turkic language group, which also includes many other languages spoken across Asia, such as Azerbaijani and Tatar. They often come back to Turkey for summer holidays. Many important events in the history of Christianity happened in places that are now in Turkey. With a population of over 4 million, Izmir is the third largest city in Turkey. Palandöken, in the eastern province of Erzurum, is Turkey’s highest at 10,200 feet (3,125 meters) and claims Europe’s longest natural ski run. Emeritus Professor of the Modern History of Western Asia, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. The turkey’s acceptance into the Old World happened quickly. About one-fourth of the surface has an elevation above 4,000 feet (1,200 metres), and less than two-fifths lies below 1,500 feet (460 metres). Religious secondary schools were gotten rid of, for example. There are 81 provinces in Turkey. Turkey denies that the event was genocide. The cultural and economic center is in the European side of Istanbul. Their aim is for the Kurds in the southeast of Turkey to have autonomy, with a government of their own. There were 6065 high schools in Turkey in 2002 according to Ministry of National Education. 18.000 people died in the earthquake. Religion is IslamThe population is 72,000 million as quoted on 2010.The capital is AnkaraThe currency is New Turkish LiraThe Language is Turkish. But some people did not like some of the changes that made life in Turkey more secular. Which Country Is Larger By Population? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Assyrian capital was named Tushhan (900-600 BC). Many Romani people live in Istanbul and Edirne (European part of Turkey). In the southeast the Uludoruk Peak reaches 15,563 feet (4,744 metres); though further west, the Demirkazık Peak (12,320 feet [3,755 metres]) and Mount Aydos (11,414 feet [3,479 metres]) are also significant peaks. The second largest minority are Arabs. Most of the islands along the Aegean coast are Greek; only the islands of Gökçeada and Bozcaada remain in Turkish hands. The northern folded zone comprises a series of mountain ridges, increasing in elevation toward the east, that occupy a belt about 90 to 125 miles (145 to 200 km) wide immediately south of the Black Sea. The southern folded zone occupies the southern third of the country, from the Aegean to the Gulf of Iskenderun, from which it extends to the northeast and east around the northern side of the Arabian platform. The modern Turkish republic, founded in 1923 after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, is a nationalist, secular, parliamentary democracy. These relief features affect other aspects of the physical environment, producing climates often much harsher than might be expected for a country of Turkey’s latitude and reducing the availability and productivity of agricultural land. Turkey is a popular place for tourists to visit. See more. Turkey is home to spectacular mountain ranges, and wintertime visitors can hit the slopes at nearly a dozen resorts. Kurds live mostly in South Eastern and Eastern Turkey. Separated by the narrow trough of the Kelkit and Çoruh river valleys stands a second ridge that rises above 8,000 feet (2,400 metres). There crest lines are often above 8,000 feet (2,400 metres), and several peaks exceed 11,000 feet (3,400 metres). In the past Istanbul was called Constantinople. Turkey with gravy became even more well-known when Charles Dickens wrote about it in A Christmas Carol in 1843. Because they use armed conflict, the Turkish government calls them terrorists. This page was last changed on 9 January 2021, at 13:28. Turkey makes enough food to feed itself. The cultural and economic center is in the European side of Istanbul. The Antalya Plain extends inland some 20 miles (30 km) from the Gulf of Antalya; the Adana Plain, measuring roughly 90 by 60 miles (145 by 100 km), comprises the combined deltas of the Seyhan and Ceyhan rivers. Over most of its length, the Mediterranean coastal plain is narrow, but there are two major lowland embayments. Turkey is in the OECD and the G-20 and is one of the 20 largest economies. Kurdish is also spoken in areas of the East of TurkeyPolitics : Secular democracyGeography : Turkey covers 72,454 sq kilometres and comprises of 81 provinces that are further divided into separate districts.The time difference is +GMT2 (GMT +3 during winter) Turkey has no petroleum or natural gas so it buys them from other countries, like Russia. The Central Powers lost the war and the Ottoman Empire was destroyed, but after that Atatürk led the army to get rid of foreign enemies, like the Greeks. In Turkey there are also minorities who speak languages such as Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Greek or Ladino, and many others. Identify the one with the larger population. Dissenters are facing persecution, with 16,000 HDP members arrested or detained. Surrounded by mountains and bays, Izmir is the land of natural, organic and fresh, which makes it one of the best places to visit in Turkey. Earthquakes in 1994, 1999, and 2001 slowed economic growth a bit. Many of the young adults can also speak English, which is taught throughout Primary, Middle and High school. During the 14th century, after the fall of the Mongol Empire, Lord Osman built a new empire named after himself: the Ottoman Empire. Turkey is split into 7 different regions- Marmara, Blacksea Coast, Eas… For many years Kurdish guerrillas of the Kurdistan Workers Party (known as the PKK; Turkish: Kürdistan İşçi Partisi) have been fighting the Turkish government. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. These narrows—which include the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles—are known collectively as the Turkish straits; Turkey’s control of the straits, the only outlet from the Black Sea, has been a major factor in its relations with other states. Image Source. Omissions? We have reviews of the best places to see in Turkey. This quiz is based on Britannica’s list of the world’s populations, so review that before you start. The area of Turkey is about 780,000 square kilometres (300,000 sq mi). Nearly all of the country is in Asia, comprising the oblong peninsula of Asia Minor—also known as Anatolia (Anadolu)—and, in the east, part of a mountainous region sometimes known as the Armenian Highland. Turkish culture is a modern Islamic culture, with some European influence. Turkey is a republic. The beautiful sedimentary rock formation that results from volcanic deposits in Cappadocia has given this place a unique character. How to use turkey in a sentence. Because it lies in both Europe and Asia, some people see Turkey as the "door" between them. Whether you want a traditional design or something a bit modern, the two stores right across from each in the Grand Bazaar have been around for years, adding a very Turkish touch to homes all over the world. Turkey kan verwijzen naar de volgende plaatsen in de Verenigde Staten: Turkey (North Carolina) Turkey (Texas) Zie ook: Turkije, het land Turkije dat in het Engels Turkey wordt genoemd. In the front compartment of the turkey should be a paper-wrapped package. The area of Turkey is about 780,000 square kilometres. The capital city is Ankara, a city in the central region, called Anatolia. In the eastern third of the country, the northern and southern fold systems converge to produce an extensive area of predominantly mountainous terrain, with pockets of relatively level land confined to valleys and enclosed basins, as are found around Malatya, Elazığ, and Muş. Turkish people have many ethnic and famous foods, such as mantı (Turkish ravioli), döner, kebabs, Turkish delight, baklava, börek, köfte, and other foods. In the past Istanbul was called Constantinople. turkey synonyms, turkey pronunciation, turkey translation, English dictionary definition of turkey. Different parts of Turkey have similar but not exactly the same lifestyles. Central Turkey is somewhat more traditional. Turkey, meet Thanksgiving. But hardcore support keeps the struggle alive The Assyrians ruled over southeastern Turkey until the Assyrian Empire was conquered by Babylonia in the year 612 BC. Turkey has a rich history and is a country that must make it on to your list of places to visit. Many refugees from Syria (over 3 million) live in Turkey because they have run away from the Syrian civil war. The majority of Turkey is made up of Turks. The republic was … After a period of one-party rule under its founder, Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk), and his successor, Turkish governments since the 1950s have been produced by multiparty elections based on universal adult suffrage. İstanbul University was the first university in Turkey. People in Turkey have to go to school for 12 years. Another Turkish electronics brand, Profilo Telra, was Europe's third-largest TV producer in 2005. It was established in 1453. Other ethnic languages have very few speakers including Turkish dialects, Balkan, Laz, … It was established in 1946. The Ottoman Empire at its greatest extent. The largest minority is Kurds. The first major empire in the area was the Hittites (from the 18th century to the 13th century BC). Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was the first President of Turkey. Turkey is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Azerbaijan and Iran, on the southeast by Iraq and Syria, on the southwest and west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and on the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria. Prices in Turkey This country had 31299 entries in the past 12 months by 2082 different contributors. The biggest city in Turkey is Istanbul which has the biggest population of any city in Europe. Turkey's exports in 2010 were worth 117 billion United States dollars. Because of the country's geographical conditions it is difficult, if not impossible, to pin-point a climate for the country as a whole. After that it was easier for Turkish factories to sell products to the EU and for business people in the EU to buy companies in Turkey. ", "Alu insertion polymorphisms and an assessment of the genetic contribution of Central Asia to Anatolia with respect to the Balkans", "The Erzincan (Turkey) Earthquake (Ms 6.8) of March 13, 1992 and its Aftershock Sequence", North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkey&oldid=7257667, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. By 1575, the English were enjoying the North American bird at Christmas dinner, and Shakespeare talked about it in Henry IV. (as) poor as a Job's turkey Very poor; having little or no money. Until the 1980s the government owned most companies, but then Prime Minister Turgut Özal sold them. Mountain crests exceed 7,500 feet (2,300 metres) in many places, particularly in the east, where Turkey’s highest mountain, Mount Ararat (Ağrı), reaches 16,945 feet (5,165 metres) close to the borders with Armenia and Iran. West of Antalya a complex series of ridges with a north-south trend reaches 6,500 to 8,200 feet (2,000 to 2,500 metres), but the most prominent feature is the massive Taurus (Toros) mountain system, running parallel to the Mediterranean coast and extending along the southern border. Lowlands also occur to the south of the Sea of Marmara and along the lower Sakarya River east of the Bosporus. Four main regions can be identified: the northern folded zone, the southern folded zone, the central massif, and the Arabian platform. The Hittites, who spoke one of the Indo-European languages, developed a high culture in Central Anatolia. Turkey has the 7th largest number of social media network users in the world despite the fact that the country is only the 37th largest country in the world with around 80,8 million inhabitants. The opponents to Atatürk felt that he weakened Islam in the country. The European Union and United States also call them terrorists.[7]. And if you brine your turkey before you roast it, it will be so juicy, you won’t need some weird sauce. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The first coins were made in Turkey. There's little to actually do in town. [10] The earthquake was a 6.8 on the Richter Scale. [8] The population is mainly from the Greeks, Armenians and Kurds. Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents. The history of Turkey, understood as the history of the region now forming the territory of the Republic of Turkey, includes the history of both Anatolia (the Asian part of Turkey) and Eastern Thrace (the European part of Turkey). The Turkish language came from central Asia, but now it is a bit different from the languages spoken in central Asia. Travel to Turkey from the UK via a third country is permitted. He made many changes that made Turkey more modern. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (Republic of Turkey) Form of government multiparty republic with one legislative house (Grand National Assembly of Turkey [600 1]) Head of state and government 1 President: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Capital Ankara Official language Turkish Official religion none Monetary unit Turkish lira (TL) Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 7.365 Turkish lira There are 973 districts altogether. Situated on the western edge of Turkey, Izmir is famous for its figs, olives, and grapes. Northerners, by the Black Sea have softer accents. Turkey is a country in both Europe and Asia. Turkmen tribes invaded Anatolia in the 11th century ce, founding the Seljuq empire; during the 14th century the Ottoman Empire began a long expansion, reaching its peak during the 17th century. Later political disputes led to Coup d'état in 1960, 1971, and 1980, and several failed attempts. Time-lapse video of the northern Black Sea coast of Turkey. Turkey's international trade is mostly with the EU, the United States, the Russian Federation, and Japan. Turkey is an amazingly diverse and complex country, and these 17 Do’s and Don’ts When Visiting Turkey will help make your visit that much more enriching. Define turkey. Most of these institutions are relatively young; as recently as 1970, there were only eight state institutions, and the first private university (Bilkent University), was not established until 1984. Turkey a special feature in America Thanksgiving comes with amazing health benefits that includes strengthening immune system, boosting metabolism, maintaining psychological health, supporting weight loss, promoting cardiovascular health, a good source of protein, supporting teeth and bones health, maintaining cholesterol levels, managing diabetes, treating anemia and supporting healthy skin. The remainder—Turkish Thrace (Trakya)—lies in the extreme southeastern part of Europe, a tiny remnant of an empire that once extended over much of the Balkans. On 15 July 2016, a coup d'état was attempted. In World War I the Ottoman Empire was one of the Central Powers. 97% of the population uses Facebook, and the Turks are known as … The largest and the most crowded city is Istanbul which is the only city in the world that has land on two different continents. High ridges trending east-west rise abruptly from the Black Sea coast, and the coastal plain is thus narrow, opening out only in the deltas of the Kızıl and Yeşil rivers. Turkey and the EU agreed not to put a lot of tax on what they buy and sell to each other. Today, many of the people who left in the 1970s want to move back to Turkey. Learn more. The capital is Ankara, and its largest city and seaport is Istanbul. The Castle of St. Peter at Bodrum, Turkey, on the Aegean coast. In 2010, oil was found in the Turkish City of Diyarbakir, but there was not enough oil to extract. Many civilizations were located in the area that is now Turkey, like the Hittites, the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. Across the Balkans, Caucasus, Middle and high school students then Prime Minister Özal. Mountains ( Doğukaradeniz Dağları ) its history it has hundreds of kilometers beautiful. Are Greek ; only the islands of Gökçeada and Bozcaada remain in northern... 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