[28], After the outbreak of World War I, Sienkiewicz was visited at Oblęgorek by a Polish Legions cavalry unit under Bolesław Wieniawa-Długoszowski. [28] His funeral was attended by representatives of both the Central Powers and the Entente, and an address by Pope Benedict XV was read. [17] After her death, he kept on traveling Europe, leaving his children with his late wife's parents, though he often returned to Poland, particularly staying for long periods in Warsaw and Kraków beginning in the 1890s. [5], In February 1895 he wrote the first chapters of Quo Vadis. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (Polish: [ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛˈksandɛr ˈpʲus ɕɛnˈkʲevʲit͡ʂ]; also known by the pseudonym "Litwos" [ˈlitfɔs]; 5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916) was a Polish journalist, novelist and the Nobel Prize laureate. Many of his novels remain in print. Henryk Sienkiewicz was born on May 5, 1846 in Wola Okrzejska, Poland, Russian Empire as Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz. Według dokumentu wydanego w Radomiu 6 lutego 1782 protoplastą tej rodziny był Piotr Oszyk Sienkiewicz. [17] At the end of 1890 he went to Africa, resulting in Listy z Afryki (Letters from Africa, published in The Word in 1891–92, then collected as a book in 1893). Henryk Sienkiewicz was born on May 5, 1846 in Wola Okrzejska, Poland, Russian Empire as Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz. [41] Nonetheless, the Polish historian of literature Henryk Markiewicz, writing the Polski słownik biograficzny (Polish Biographical Dictionary) entry on Sienkiewicz (1997), describes him as a master of Polish prose, as the foremost Polish writer of historical fiction, and as Poland's internationally best-known writer. Op zoek naar artikelen van Henryk Sienkiewicz? For others, see, Sienkiewicz in the 1880s, photograph by Stanisław Bizański, Andrzej Kulikowski. [12] It was a short-lived marriage, however, because on 18 August 1885 Maria died of tuberculosis. [17], In 1879 the first collected edition of Sienkiewicz's works was published, in four volumes; the series would continue to 1917, ending with a total of 17 volumes. [4] His family moved several times, and young Henryk spent his childhood on family estates in Grabowce Górne, Wężyczyn and Burzec. Dobrzyński” (ur. [16] The year 1882 saw him heavily engaged in the running of the newspaper, in which he published a number of columns and short stories. [21][22] In the cultural sphere, he was involved in the creation of the Kraków and Warsaw monuments to Adam Mickiewicz. [16] He paid less and less attention to his post of editor-in-chief, resigning it in 1887 but remaining editor of the paper's literary section until 1892. because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer. Lech Wałęsa. [17] Sienkiewicz used the money to set up a fund, named for his wife and supervised by the Academy of Learning, to aid artists endangered by tuberculosis. [19] He supported educational endeavors and co-founded the Polska Macierz Szkolna organization. Hardcover. [19][20] In 1905 he received the most prestigious award in the world of literature, the Nobel Prize, after having been nominated in that year by Hans Hildebrand, member of the Swedish Academy. Poland, Prize motivation: "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer. [17] The turn of the 1880s and 1890s was associated with intensive work on several novels. 4.3 out of 5 stars 29. Dobrzyński” (naskiĝis la 5-an de majo 1846 en vilaĝo Wola Okrzejska (distrikto Łukowski), Pollando; mortis la 15-an de novembro 1916 en Vevej, Svislando) estis tatardevena pola vojaĝisto, ĵurnalisto kaj verkisto-erudiciulo, laŭreato de la Nobel-premio pri literaturo (1905). The Polish author Henryk Sienkiewicz is best remembered for his historical novels, particularly the internationally known bestseller ‘Quo Vadis’. [29], There are three museums dedicated to him in Poland. [11] Soon after he returned, his fiancée's parents cancelled the engagement. [4] In 1869 he debuted as a journalist; Przegląd Tygodniowy (1866–1904) (The Weekly Review) ran his review of a play on 18 April 1869, and shortly afterward The Illustrated Weekly printed an essay of his about the late-Renaissance Polish poet Mikołaj Sęp Szarzyński. Read 1 064 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Both in German and Polish culture the Teutonic Knights were incorrectly viewed as precursors to modern Germans while the Polish-Lithuanian union was regarded as a model for a future independent Polish state. [4] He also worked on his first novel to be published, Na marne (In Vain). Henryk Sienkiewicz – polski powieściopisarz i … 1990. p. 89. [23] In February 1897 he began serializing a new novel, Krzyżacy (The Teutonic Knights, or The Knights of the Cross); serialization finished in 1900, and the book edition appeared that year. A Polish szlachcic (noble) of the Oszyk coat of arms, he was one of the most popular Polish writers at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1905 for his “outstanding merits as an epic writer.” (source: Wikipedia) [28] The cause of death was ischemic heart disease. [4] He first tried to study medicine, then law, at the Imperial University of Warsaw, but he soon transferred to the university's Institute of Philology and History, where he acquired a thorough knowledge of literature and Old Polish Language. [21] Unlike most other Polish Positivist writers, Sienkiewicz was a conservative. [23], He was inducted into many international organizations and societies, including the Polish Academy of Learning, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Royal Czech Society of Sciences, and the Italian Academy of Arcadia. [34], Sienkiewicz often carried out substantial historic research for his novels, but he was selective in the findings that made it into the novels. [11][13] The last three are known as the "Little Trilogy". [29] They have also been adapted for Polish films and television series. He soon became one of the most popular Polish writers of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and numerous translations gained him international renown, culminating in his receipt of the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature for his "outstanding merits as an epic writer.". [29] The first, the Henryk Sienkiewicz Museum in Oblęgorek (his residence), opened in 1958. The Trilogy and Quo Vadis have been filmed, the latter several times, with Hollywood's 1951 version receiving the most international recognition. Rody rycerskie Wielkiego Księstwa Litewskiego. In 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz received a Nobel Prize in literature for his patriotic Trilogy inspiring a new sense of hope. [11] He traveled via London to New York and then on to San Francisco, staying for some time in California. [17] The Trilogy's patriotism worried the censors; Warsaw's Russian censor I. Jankul warned Sienkiewicz that he would not allow publication of any further works of his dealing with Polish history. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Quote: "Rodzina Sienkiewiczów vel Sieńkiewiczów wywodzi się z tatarów zawołżańskich, zapisani do tzw. [12], His "Latarnik" ("The Lighthouse keeper", 1881) has been described as one of the best Polish short stories. [23] The book edition appeared later the same year, and soon gained international renown. [18], Sienkiewicz had several romances, and in 1892 Maria Romanowska-Wołodkowicz, stepdaughter of a wealthy Odessan, entered his life. [19] Special events were held in a number of Polish cities, including Kraków, Lwów and Poznań. Quo Vadis?. The novel was serialized, beginning in March 1895, in Warsaw's Polish Gazette, Kraków's Czas (Time), and Poznań's Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily). Artikelen van Henryk Sienkiewicz koop je eenvoudig online bij bol.com Gratis retourneren Gratis verzonden Ông thường ký … [23] The Trilogy went through many translations; With Fire and Sword saw at least 26 in his lifetime. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz de Oszyk, nado en Wola Okrzejska o 5 de maio de 1846 e finado en Vevey o 15 de novembro de 1916, [1] foi un escritor polaco, Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1905.. Foi o quinto premio Nobel (1905) na historia do galardón e o primeiro de Europa Oriental. Sienkiewicz’s family owned a small estate but lost everything and moved to Warsaw, where Sienkiewicz studied literature, history, and philology at Warsaw University. [16][17][30] The Trilogy merged elements of the epic and the historical novel, infused with special features of Sienkiewicz's style. [29], The first critical analyses of his works were published in his lifetime. In the late 1870s he traveled to the United States, sending back travel essays that won him popularity with Polish readers. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz de Oszyk /ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛˈksandɛr ˈpʲus ɕɛnˈkʲevʲitʂ de ˈɔʂɨk/;(n. 5 mai 1846, Wola Okrzejska[*] , Podlasie Governorate[*] , Imperiul Rus – d. 15 noiembrie 1916, Vevey, Vaud, Elveția) a fost un romancier și nuvelist polonez, unul dintre cei mai mari prozatori polonezi, laureat al Premiului Nobel pentru Literatură în 1905 [18] His works of the period are critical of decadent and naturalistic philosophies. Henryk Sienkiewicz. On 13 December 1895 he obtained papal consent to dissolution of the marriage. [18], Sienkiewicz used his growing international fame to influence world opinion in favor of the Polish cause (throughout his life and since the late 18th century, Poland remained partitioned by her neighbors, Russia, Austria and Prussia, later Germany). [29], Polish journalist, novelist, philanthropist and Nobel Prize laureate, "Sienkiewicz" redirects here. [4] His situation improved somewhat in 1868 when he became tutor to the princely Woroniecki family. He is best remembered for his historical novels, especially for his internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis (1896). Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz herbu Oszyk, kryptonim „Litwos”, „Musagetes”, pseudonim „Juliusz Polkowski”, „K. [12] The marriage was reportedly a happy one. Chorągwi juszyńskiej – były to dolne szczeble w drabinie hierarchicznej utytułowanych rodów tatarskich. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (5. toukokuuta 1846 Wola Okrzejska, Puola – 15. marraskuuta 1916 Vevey, Sveitsi) oli puolalainen toimittaja, kirjailija ja Nobelin kirjallisuuspalkinnon saaja eeppisten kirjallisten ansioidensa vuoksi. [23] This story of early Christianity in Rome, with protagonists struggling against the Emperor Nero's regime, draws parallels between repressed early Christians and contemporary Poles; and, due to its focus on Christianity, it became widely popular in the Christian West. He was married to Maria Babska, Maria Romanowska and Maria Emilia Kazimiera Szetkiewicz. [12] In late 1881 he became editor-in-chief of a new Warsaw newspaper, Słowo (The Word). ", To cite this section Heraldyka szlachecka. Books by Henryk Sienkiewicz; [29][31] In Poland his works are still widely read; he is seen as a classic author, and his works are often required reading in schools. [29] He has statues in a number of Polish cities, including Warsaw's Łazienki Park (the first statue was erected at Zbaraż, now in Ukraine),[29] and in Rome[38] A Sienkiewcz Mound stands at Okrzeja, near his birthplace, Wola Okrzejska. Ontdek de perfecte stockfoto's over Henryk Sienkiewicz en redactionele nieuwsbeelden van Getty Images Kies uit premium Henryk Sienkiewicz van de hoogste kwaliteit. These assumptions tied in well with the contemporary political context of ongoing Germanization efforts in German Poland. [23] Quo Vadis became extremely popular, in at least 40 different language translations, including English-language editions totaling a million copies. [28] Soon after, he left for Switzerland. He is best remembered for his historical novels, especially for his internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis (1896). NobelPrize.org. Background. [35] In the United States, Quo Vadis sold 800,000 copies in eighteen months. [17] The Trilogy established Sienkiewicz as the most popular contemporary Polish writer. [16] This substantially improved his finances. The story takes place in northeastern Africa during the 1880s. [31] The triumph of spiritual Christianity over materialist Rome was a critique of materialism and decadence, and also an allegory for the strength of the Polish spirit. [23] He received the French Légion d'honneur (1904),[19] honorary doctorates from the Jagiellonian University (1900) and Lwów University (1911), and honorary citizenship of Lwów (1902). [16], His novel With Fire and Sword (1883–84) was enthusiastically received by readers (as were the next two volumes of The Trilogy), becoming an "instant classic", though critical reception was lukewarm. [13] These publications made him a prominent figure in Warsaw's journalistic-literary world, and a guest at popular dinner parties hosted by actress Helena Modrzejewska. 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